Introduction to Philosophy – Coursera
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Instructor: Dr Dave Ward
This “Introduction To Philosophy” course will acquaint you with a portion of the fundamental territories of exploration in contemporary philosophy. Every module an alternate logician will talk you through the absolute most significant inquiries and issues in their specialized topic. We’ll start by attempting to comprehend what philosophy is – what are its trademark points and techniques, and how can it contrast from different subjects? At that point we’ll spend the remainder of the course increasing an early on review of a few distinct regions of philosophy.
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Introduction to Philosophy Coursera Quiz Answer
Practice Quiz: What is Philosophy?
1. True or false: as a subject philosophy is unrelated to other subjects?
2. True or false: If a question or issue is philosophical, then it is important.
3.True or false: a valid argument is one in which the truth of its conclusion follows from the truth of its premises?
4.What does Hilary Putnam think is essential to doing good philosophy? (Tick all that apply.)
- Ignoring the ‘Big-Picture’
Quiz: What is Philosophy?
1. How did we define philosophy in this week of the course?
- It is the memorisation of philosophical arguments.
- It is the activity of working out the best way to think about things.
- It is sitting in an armchair
2.If we are doing the philosophy of physics which of the following would we be more likely to be interested in?
- Constructing experiments to probe, recording observations of, and theorising about the fundamental physical aspects of reality.
- Asking what it is to construct experiments to probe, record observations of, and theorise about the fundamental physical aspects of reality.
3.According to this week’s lecture, in what sense is philosophy fundamental?
- We would die without it.
- Whatever we are doing or thinking about we can always try to articulate and justify the assumptions behind that action or thought.
- Its impossible to think or do anything without doing philosophy first.
4.Is the following argument sound: all men are mortal; the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates was a man; therefore, Socrates was mortal?
5.What did David Hume think was the most important constraint on a philosophical theory?
- It should discover the limits of language.
- It should prove that God exists.
- It should stay true to our experience of the world.
- It should deduce all truths from philosophical speculation.
Practice Quiz: Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?
1. What exactly are we asking when we ask about the “status of morality”?
- We are asking what is it that we are doing when we make moral judgments.
- We are asking whether abstract moral judgments are correct or incorrect.
- We are asking whether particular moral judgments are correct or incorrect.
- We are asking whether or not we can have access to objective moral truths.
2. Dr. Chrisman has mentioned three main approaches that philosophers have taken to explain the status of morality (the question of what it is that people are doing when they make moral judgments). Which one of the following is NOT a theory we will be discussing?
- Relativism: the view that we are describing some kid of cultural or personal relative practice when we make these judgments.
- Emotivism: the view that we are expressing our emotions towards the world when we make these judgments.
- Objectivism: the view that we are representing objective facts when we make moral judgments.
- Prescriptivism: the view that we are uttering moral imperatives when we make these judgments.
3. Which of these statements are TRUE about the objectivist view of morality? (Check all that apply)
- Moral disagreements between people are basically disagreements over some objective fact about morality.
- Moral judgments are like empirical judgments in that both are objective facts that can be true or false.
- To an objectivist, polygamy can be both morally permissible and morally impermissible.
- What makes our moral judgments true or false are generally dependent of the cultural groups we belong to.
4.An objectivist and a relativist would disagree over which of the following? (Check all that apply)
- Whether the truth or falsity of our moral judgments can vary from person to person.
- Whether moral judgments are just like empirical judgments.
- Whether our moral judgments depend on the cultural groups we belong to.
- Whether or not moral judgments are the sorts of things that can be true or false.
5.Which of these theories contain the view that our moral judgments are the sort of things that can be true or false? (Check all that apply)
- Cultural Relativism
6. Which of the following statements are CORRECT? (Check all that apply)
- Since emotivism takes our moral judgments to be mere expressions of our emotional reactions, it faces the challenge of explaining how people appear to reason their way to moral judgments.
- A challenge to emotivism is that it cannot explain the possibility of making moral progress.
- A challenge to relativism is that we do not seem to have a method for resolving moral disputes.
- A challenge to objectivism is that we do not seem to have an objective method for resolving moral disputes.
Practice Quiz: What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?
1. If I know a proposition, I know *that* something is the case. Which of these statements could I have propositional knowledge of? (Select all that apply)
- What’s that noise?
- The monkey is in the tree
- The egg is in the nest
2. What is the anti-luck intuition?
- If you know, then your true belief is not a matter of luck.
- If you know, then your true belief is down to your cognitive abilities in some significant way.
- If you know, then your true belief is based on prejudice.
- If you know, then your true belief is a matter of luck.
3. According to the classical definition of knowledge, which of these conditions are required for a subject to know a proposition? (Select all that apply)
- The proposition must be true
- The proposition must be interesting
- The proposition must be justified
- The subject must believe the proposition
4. A Gettier-style case is one where a subject has a belief that is true and justified. What else has to be in place before we have a Gettier-style case?
- The subject has to be absolutely sure of the proposition.
- The subject’s justification for the proposition that she believes has nothing to do with the truth of the proposition.
- The proposition believed has to have less than twenty words in it.
- The subject has to have thought hard about the proposition she believes.
5. According to the ‘no false lemmas’ account, knowledge is:
- A belief that is justified, true and makes the subject happy.
- A belief that is justified, true and about lemmings.
- A belief that is justified, true and not based on any false assumptions.
- A belief that is justified, true, and where the subject is not in a Gettier-style case.
6. Which of these is a sceptical scenario? (Select all that apply)
- There is an evil and powerful demon controlling all my thoughts, feelings and beliefs.
- What I think is the real world is actually a computer simulation – my real body is being kept in a pod, and fed with nutrients and information by super-intelligent machines.
- I am very bad at forming true, justified beliefs – I try hard, but I almost always get it wrong.
- I have a mischevous friend who often plays tricks on me to make me believe things that are false. I always have to be on my toes so as not to get caught out.
Quiz: Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?