History: Dawn of Electronic Computing >> Internet History, Technology, and Security
1. What was the Lorenz Machine used to transmit?
- Personal messages from soldiers to their families and friends
- Detailed information between Hitler and his Generals
- Attack plans between the British and Russian generals
- Intelligence between the American and British forces
2. Who is John Forbes Nash and what is he known for?
- The creator of the internet
- An actor in the movie A Beautiful Mind
- A famous spy during World War II
- A mathematician and founder of modern day Game Theory
3. What did the Polish Cipher Bureau give to the British?
- A German Geheimschreiber
- A Polish dessert called the Bomba
- Access to the Polish telephone network data transmissions
- A technique for breaking encoded German Enigma messages
4. Why was the Enigma machine so important to the German strategy during World-War II?
- Encrypted wireless communication allowed for a very fast and yet coordinated approach to war
- Because Germany wanted to challenge the British to see who could build the first electronic computer
- Because Germany’s enemies would be distracted if they believed all the mis-information in the communication
- Because it was the quickest way to insure that as many people as possible would be exposed to propaganda messages.
5. What is a Modem used for?
- Use a voice-based phone line to transmit data
- Decrypt coded German war time transmissions
- Insure that transmissions to submarines work even when they are deep under water
- Record encrypted data from wireless transmissions for later decryption.
- Retransmit lost packets so as to insure the overall reliability of Internet connections
6. What kind of parts were used to make the Colossus electronic computer?
- Vacuum tubes, relays, switches, and lights
- Microprocessors and random access memory
- A gas turbine that drove an air compressor
- A complex series of gears, pulleys and springs that allowed it to walk forward in a halting motion
7. What are leased lines?
- Dedicated telephone lines organizations paid telecom companies monthly to have continuous access to
- Secure lines used to connect British cryptographers to British military command
- The modern lines we connect to the internet through
8. About how many vacuum valves/tubes were there in the Colossus?
9. On the Colossus computer what was used to store and repeatedly read the encrypted message text?
- A solid-state flash drive (i.e. a USB stick)
- A paper tape that was read using light sensitive tubes
- A spinning magnetic disk drive that was read like a tape
- Strips of film
10. What made Bletchley park successful?
- The information provided by the Polish Cipher Bureau
- Their huge team dedicated to the purpose of decryption
- The unlimited budget available to them
- All of the above
11. Who did the Enigma machine belong to?
- The Norwegians
- The Polish
- The British
- The Germans
12. Who created the functional design of the Bombe mechanical computer use to crack Enigma codes at Bletchley Park?
- Max Newman and William (Bill) Tutte
- Alistair Dennison and Tommy Flowers
- Alan Turing and Gordon Welchman
13. Where is Bletchley Park located?
- New Mexico, United States
- Buckinghamshire, England
- Sydney, Australia
- Glasgow, Scotland