# Problem Set 3 >> Introduction to Mathematical Thinking

## Problem Set 3 >> Introduction to Mathematical Thinking

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`3#*S#!hw`

#### Problem Set 3

Question 1

Let $x$ be a variable ranging over doubles tennis matches, and $t$ be a variable ranging over doubles tennis matches when Rosario partners with Antonio. Let $W(x)$ mean that Rosario and her partner (whoever it is) win the doubles match $x$. Select the following English sentences that mean the same as the symbolic formula $∃tW(t)$. [6 points]

Rosario and Antonio win every match where they are partners.

Rosario and her partner sometimes win the match when she partners with Antonio.

Whenever Rosario partners with Antonio, they win the match.

Rosario and Antonio win exactly one match when they are partners.

Rosario and Antonio win at least one match when they are partners.

If Rosario and her partner win the match, she must be partnering with Antonio.

Question 2

Let $x$ be a variable ranging over doubles tennis matches, and $t$ be a variable ranging over doubles tennis matches when Rosario partners with Antonio. Let $W(x)$ mean that Rosario and her partner (whoever it is) win the doubles match $x$. Select the following English sentences that mean the same as the symbolic formula $∀tW(t)$. [6 points]

Rosario and Antonio win every match where they are partners

Rosario always partners with Antonio.

Whenever Rosario partners with Antonio, they win the match.

Sometimes, Rosario and her partner win the match.

Rosario and her partner win the match whenever she partners with Antonio.

If Rosario and her partner win the match, she must be partnering with Antonio.

Question 3

Which of the following formal propositions says that there is no largest prime. (There may be more than one. You have to select all correct propositions.) The variables denote natural numbers. [6 points]

$¬∃x∃y[$Prime$(x)∧¬$Prime$(y)∧(x<y)]$

$∀x∃y[$Prime$(x)∧$Prime$(y)∧(x<y)]$

$∀x∀y[$Prime$(x)∧$Prime$(y)∧(x<y)]$

$∀x∃y[$Prime$(y)∧(x<y)]$

$∃x∀y[$Prime$(y)∧(x<y)]$

$∀x∃y[$Prime$(x)∧(x<y)]$

Question 4

The symbol $∃!x$ means “There exists a unique $x$ such that …” Which of the following accurately defines the expression $∃!xϕ(x)$? [5 points]

$∃x∀y[ϕ(x)∧[ϕ(y)⇒(x y)]]$

$∃x[ϕ(x)∧(∃y)[ϕ(y)⇒(x y)]]$

$∃x∃y[(ϕ(x)∧ϕ(y))⇒(x=y)]$

$[∃xϕ(x)]∧(∀y)[ϕ(y)⇒(x=y)]$

$∃x[ϕ(x)∧(∀y)[ϕ(y)⇒(x=y)]]$

Question 5

Which of the following means “The arithmetic operation $x↑y$ is not commutative.” ($↑$ is just some arbitrary binary operation.) [3 points]

$∀x∀y[x↑y y↑x]$

$∀x∃y[x↑y y↑x]$

$∃x∃y[x↑y y↑x]$

$∃x∀y[x↑y y↑x]$

Question 6

Evaluate this purported proof, and evaluate it according to the course rubric.

Enter your grade (which should be a whole number between 0 and 24, inclusive) in the box. An answer within 4 points of the instructor’s grade counts as correct. [5 points]

**You should read the website section “Using the rubric” (and watch the explanatory video) before attempting this question. There will be many more proof evaluation questions as the course progresses.**